AMAZON RAINFOREST

The Amazon Rainforest, also known as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf tropical rainforest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 km2 (2,700,000 sq mi), of which 5,500,000 km2 (2,100,000 sq mi) are covered by the rainforest. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations.

The majority of the forest is in Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, then by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with minor amounts in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. The Amazon represents over half of the planet’s remaining rainforests, and comprises the largest and most biodiverse tract of tropical rainforest in the world, with an estimated 390 billion individual trees divided into 16,000 species. 

THE BASICS

Excellent Overview from the World Wildlife Fund

Amazon Watch – Non profit protecting the rainforest and indigenous people

RESOURCES

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SCHOLARLY ARTICLES

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The Destruction of the Amazon Explained - 3 part series